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   1996| July  | Volume 39 | Issue 3  
    Online since October 12, 2009

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Inhibition of HBsAg secretion from Alexander cell line by Phyllanthus amarus.
S Jayaram, S P Thyagarajan
July 1996, 39(3):211-5
Alexander cell line, an human hepatocellular carcinoma derived cell line which has the property of secreting HBsAg in the supernatant was used to study the antiviral property of phyllanthus amarus. Aquous extract of Phyllanthus amarus was evaluated for its in vitro ability to inhibit HBsAg secretion on a dose dependent manner. It was seen that P. amarus at 1mg/ml concentration on a single dose inhibited the secretion of HBsAg for a period of 48 hours. This experiment proved the anti hepatitis B virus property of P. amarus at cellular level and further confirmed its beneficial use in the treatment of acute and chronic hepatitis B and healthy carriers of HBV.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  878 182 -
Renal amyloidosis--a clinicopathologic study.
V B Shah, A M Phatak, B S Shah, B M Kandalkar, A R Haldankar, S Ranganathan
July 1996, 39(3):179-85
A total of 19,075 necropsies and 1169 renal biopsies were scrutinised over a period of 20 years (1973-1992) retrospectively with an aim to study the incidence and pattern of renal amyloidosis in Nair Hospital. A total of 75 cases with amyloidosis were detected, 33 from the necropsy series (0.162%) and 42 from biopsies (3.59%). Secondary amyloidosis was seen in 82.66% and primary amyloidosis in 10.66%. Tuberculosis of various organs was the main cause of secondary amyloidosis (79.03%). Nephrotic syndrome was the common mode of presentation (52%). Besides kidney, which were involved in all cases, the liver, spleen and adrenals were other commonly involved organs at necropsy. Renal failure was the leading cause of death (51.51%). Thioflavine-T proved to be more sensitive technique than other conventional staining methods. The potassium permanganate test is a useful test to distinguish secondary amyloid fibrils from other amyloid fibrils. Abdominal fat aspiration may prove to be specific, sensitive and a routine procedure enabling the early diagnosis of amyloidosis leading to increased incidence of amyloidosis during life than at necropsy.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  864 112 -
Efficacy of fine needle aspiration cytology in the management of thyroid diseases.
Y M Sirpal
July 1996, 39(3):173-8
To find out the values of fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in the management of thyroid diseases, 1123 cases have been analysed as regards clinical details, thyroid hormone levels and thyroid scans. Cytologically, 96.35% were benign, 0.98% follicular neoplasm, 1.24% malignant, 0.80% extrathyroidal and 0.63% inconclusive. One hundred twenty eight cases were selected for surgery. Correlation of cytology with histology revealed nil false positive. Efficacy as regards narrow definition was 92.3% sensitive, 100% specific with positive and negative predictive values of 92.3% and 98.9% respectively.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  761 136 -
Trichinosis--a case report.
S Alipuria, H K Sangha, G Singh, S Pandhi
July 1996, 39(3):231-2
A case of human trichinosis is reported. This is the first case of human trichinosis being reported in India.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  743 124 -
The prevalence of transfusion transmitted diseases in renal transplant recipients.
N Choudhury, S Naik, R K Sharma, P Elhence, V Ramesh, R K Gupta
July 1996, 39(3):191-5
Majority of renal transplant patients have history of blood transfusion. Out of a total of 120 renal transplant patients, 20 (16.6%) patients showed raised alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels (> 45 IU) on 2 or more occasions at 2 weeks interval. This study was undertaken to estimate the risk of transfusion transmitted diseases (TTD) in these 20 renal transplant patients. Another 200 voluntary blood donors were also included as control. Both subject groups were screened by ELISA for HBsAg, anti HBc (IgG & IgM), anti HCV, anti CMV (IgM), anti HIV and VDRL tests for syphilis. A total of 11 (55%) patients and 3 (1.5%) blood donors showed the evidence of HBsAg positivity (p < 0.01). Anti HBc antibody was present in 12 (60%) patients and 39 (19.5%) donors which was significantly (p < 0.01) different. Anti HCV antibody was detected in 5 patients and in one blood donor (p < 0.01). However, anti CMV antibody was present in 4 (20%) patients and 3 (1.5%) donors, respectively. There was no evidence of HIV and syphilis infection in both these groups. High incidence of hepatitis markers were observed in renal transplant patients.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  736 78 -
Colloid cyst xanthogranuloma of the third ventricle--a case report.
S Kudesia, S Das, S K Shankar, V Santosh, A K Reddy
July 1996, 39(3):221-3
A colloid xanthogranuloma of the third ventricle is described. Presenting features were symptoms of raised intracranial tensions and two episodes of seizures. The pathogenesis, clinical and radiological features, differential diagnosis and treatment of this rare benign lesion are briefly discussed.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  697 76 -
Myelolipoma of adrenal gland in association with occult malignancy--a case report.
M S Bal, A S Kataria, S K Kahlon, S S Kahlon
July 1996, 39(3):229-30
Myelolipoma is an unusual lesion of adrenal gland in which ectopic marrow tissue is present. This case is being present because of its rarity.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  723 37 -
Congenital sulfhemoglobin and transient methemoglobinemia secondary to diarrhoea.
J Pandey, H Chellani, M Garg, A Verma, K Gupta, V H Talib
July 1996, 39(3):217-20
Sulfhemoglobinemia and Methemoglobinemia are common causes of cyanosis arising due to accumulation of abnormal heme pigment. We present an unusual case of congenital sulfhemoglobinemia along with diarrhoea induced methemo-globinemia in a neonate. A high index of suspicion and a proper diagnostic approach is needed to determine the true frequency of their occurrence together.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  703 52 -
Immunoglobulin profile in mycetoma.
A Singhvi, K R Joshi, J C Sharma, M C Vyas
July 1996, 39(3):203-6
Serum samples obtained from 25 patients of mycetoma caused by Madurella mycetomi in 18, Streptomyces somaliensis in 5, Streptomyces madurae and streptomyces palletierii from 1 each and also from 25 healthy controls were evaluated for immunoglobulins IgG, IgM and IgA by radial immunodiffusion method using tripartigen plates. All the three classes of immunoglobulins showed increased concentration in cases of mycetoma by M. mycetomi and S. pelletierii. The raised levels of IgG and IgM in cases of mycetoma caused by S. madurae and S. somaliensis where bones were involved, were not statistically significant. IgA was consistently high in all cases of mycetoma irrespective of causative agent and tissue involved. These alterations may possibly reflect relatively poor IgG and IgM response in individuals with extension of mycetoma lesion to bones.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  692 46 -
Alport's syndrome--a case report.
R A Prasad, R K Bhatnagar, C Ratnakar, A J Veliath
July 1996, 39(3):225-7
Alport's syndrome (hereditary nephritis with deafness), is an uncommon disease and is seen very infrequently in India. We report a fatal case in a young girl with characteristic ultrastructural changes in the kidney thus emphasising the exception noted in the observation that females have a better prognosis compared to males.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  670 61 -
Evaluation of cell mediated immunity in healthy contacts of leprosy.
A M Kurhade, S L Akulwar, A A Pathak, Y S Thakar, A G Dhanvijay
July 1996, 39(3):197-201
The cell mediated immunity (CMI) was studied in 50 healthy contacts of leprosy patients and 50 age & sex matched non-contact controls by lepromin test and leucocyte migration inhibition (LMI) test using phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) and lepromin and its association with other risk factors in contacts was assessed. The lepromin positivity correlated well with LMI results. There was no difference in CMI in I, II and III degree of contacts. Amongst direct contacts lepromin test was positive in 67 per cent as compared to 92 per cent in indirect contacts while in LMIT migration index (MI) was significantly increased (0.66 +/- 0.20) in direct contacts. MI was also significantly increased (0.73 +/- 0.20) contacts of less than two years duration which decreased to 0.51 +/- 0.18 in contacts of more than five years duration. Lepromin positivity also increased from 60 per cent to 100 per cent in these contacts. The specific CMI was significantly suppressed in contacts of LL patients (MI:0.74 +/- 0.21) and BL patients (MI: 0.61 +/- 0.01) as compared to healthy controls. B.C.G. vaccinated individuals showed better CMI response. The findings in the study showed specific unresponsiveness to lepromin in LMI in leprosy contacts of less than two years duration, direct contacts, contacts of lepromatous spectrum of index patients and contacts not vaccinated with B.C.G. emphasizing that CMI status is an important parameter in identifying the contact population at the greater risk of acquiring leprosy.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  676 45 -
Blastopathies--symmetrical conjoined twins.
A D Kalgutkar, V Pethe, S P Pandit, S Karmarkar, S S Deshmukh, S Ramdwar, K P Deodhar
July 1996, 39(3):233-6
Conjoined twins are one of the rarest blastopathies, challenging the medical profession. The incidence in India is reported to be 1:60,000 pregnancies. This report records two cases of female conjoined twins. The sharing of various organs and complex cardiac anomalies encountered were very fascinating. Omphalopagus conjoined twins had only three lower extremeties, a common gastro-intestinal tract beyond the terminal ileum, crossed ectopia, hypoplastic kidneys and bicornuate uterus. The heart showed dextrocardia, A.S.D. and V.S.D. No attempt was made for surgical separation in this case. The second case was a thoracopagus, with the heart showing V.S.D., cor triatrium dexter with a posterior venous chamber. Surgical separation was attempted, but was unsuccessful. Both cases showed a single fused liver. The need for antenatal diagnosis and successful separation with good pre- and post-operative management is stressed.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  665 40 -
Species distribution of clinical isolates of Staphylococci.
S Shrikhande, Y S Thakar, A A Pathak, A M Saoji
July 1996, 39(3):207-10
Species identification of 103 strains of staphylococci isolated from various clinical specimens revealed as many as eight species. S. aureus was the commonest isolate (57.28%) followed by S. epidermidis (17.47%). S. hominis (8.73%), S. saprophyticus (6.79%), S. intermedius, S. capitis and S. cohni (1.94% each) in decreasing order. They were mostly isolated from pus (41.74%) followed by urine (22.33%) and blood (18.44%) accordingly. Of the total isolates, 65 were coagulase positive while 38 isolates were coagulase negative. Phase typing of S. aureus strains revealed that 49 isolates were typable of which 17 isolates belonged to phase group III, 16 to phase group 1, 4 to group II and 3 belonged to group V while 9 strains could not be grouped. The antibiotic resistance pattern showed maximum resistance to penicillin (63.10%) while resistance was minimum with gentamycin (8.73%). Resistance to ampicillin (51.45%), cephazoline (51.45%), erythromycin (31.06+) and cloxacillin (18.44%) was low to moderate. The increasing recognition of pathogenic potential of various species of staphylococci and emergence of drug resistance amongst them denotes the need to adopt better laboratory procedures to identify and understand the diversity of staphylococci isolated from clinical material.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  580 103 -
Prevalence of HIV infection in voluntary blood donors and cancer patients.
R R Kumar, R S Jayshree, H Sridhar
July 1996, 39(3):187-9
The HIV infection pattern amongst cancer patients and voluntary blood donors was studied at an oncology centre in South India. The study period was from May 1991 to March 1994. A total of 18,260 subjects were screened for HIV infection. Of which 14,266 were voluntary blood donors and 3994 were cancer patients. The HIV infection rate amongst voluntary blood donors and cancer patients was 0.042% (6/14266) and 0.4% (16/3994) giving a seropositivity rate of 0.42 and 4.0 per 1000 respectively.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  598 52 -
Consumer protection act and laboratory services : is the house in order?
V H Talib, A Thergaonkar, S K Khurana, S K Verma
July 1996, 39(3):171-2
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  440 79 -
An overview of consumer protection act--remedial aspects in laboratory services.
A Thergaonkar, S K Khurana, S Ranga, V H Talib
July 1996, 39(3):237-50
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  410 66 -
Clinical significance of immunoglobulin alterations in amoebiasis.
V Sharma, T S Thakur, S S Thakur, A Goyal
July 1996, 39(3):251-251
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  365 29 -
Renal dysplasia : an autopsy study of 36 cases.
Z N Singh, A K Dinda
July 1996, 39(3):252-252
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  321 39 -
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