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Primary sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis

1 Department of Pathology, Moti Lal Nehru Medical College, Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Surgery, Moti Lal Nehru Medical College, Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Swati Mishra,
Department of Pathology, M.L.N. Medical College, George Town, Prayagraj - 211 002, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijpm.ijpm_1228_21

Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis also known as cocoon abdomen is a rare chronic inflammatory condition of the peritoneum in which the bowel loops are encircled by a membrane (cocoon formation) within the peritoneal cavity leading to intestinal obstruction. It can be primary (idiopathic) or secondary (chemotherapy, beta-blockers, peritoneal dialysis, shunts, tuberculosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, etc.). The symptomatology report includes recurrent episodes of abdominal pain and vomiting. We present here a case of a 32-year-old male who presented with complaints of being unable to pass stools, vomiting (3–4 times), and abdomen pain for 4 days. This case is considered worth mentioning due to its rarity, lack of identification of secondary causes, and diminutive mention of histopathological aspect.

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