Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
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Progressive external ophthalmoplegia – A case report


 Department of Pathology, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Ashmeet Kaur,
23 Vidyut Nagar A, Prince Road, Ajmer Road, Jaipur, Rajasthan
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijpm.ijpm_893_21

Progressive external ophthalmoplegia is a slowly progressive hereditary mitochondrial myopathy. Most mitochondrial disorders overlap clinically, enzymatically, and genetically. The most common enzyme defect is the combined deficit of complexes I and IV. Progressive external ophthalmoplegia particularly affects the extraocular muscles and is characterised by ophthalmoplegia, and bilateral ptosis. The ptosis and ophthalmoplegia is unresponsive to anticholinergics, with no effective treatment, but corrective surgery for ptosis as a palliative one. In this article, we report a rare case of a 16-year-old female with characterstic histological features consistent with progressive external ophthalmoplegia.


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    -  Kaur A
    -  Mathur K
    -  Harsh A
    -  Thakar K
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