Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 66  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 286-290

GATA Binding Protein 3 (GATA-3) expression evaluation as prognostic factor in breast cancer and its relationship with other immunemarkers

Department of Pathology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Elham Nazar
Department of Pathology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijpm.ijpm_453_21

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Introduction: Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer in which the mortality rate could be decreased by proper management. The GATA3 transcription factor is one of the most frequently mutated genes in breast cancer. Materials and Methods: We studied the immunohistochemical (IHC) expression of estrogen and progesterone receptor, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2, and GATA-3 in 166 radical/partial mastectomy specimens having different histologic grades and stages of breast carcinoma. All samples were obtained from the pathology department of Sina hospital in Tehran-Iran from 2010 to 2016. Results: There was a direct relationship between the luminal subtype carcinoma and higher GATA-3 expression (P-value: 0.001) and between triple-negative carcinoma and lower GATA-3 expression (P-value: 0.001). Moreover, there was a direct relationship between the metastasis rate and the tumor's grade with GATA-3 staining (P-value: 0.000 and 0.001, respectively). Conclusion: GATA-3 expression is related to the histopathologic and prognostic factors. GATA3 can be introduced as an important predictor in breast cancer patients.

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