Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 65  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 786-790

c-MET positivity and its relationship with histopathological findings in gastric carcinomas exhibiting HER2 gene expression

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Manisa Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Ayca Tan
Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Manisa Celal Bayar University, Manisa – 45040
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijpm.ijpm_23_21

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Context: Co-expressions of receptor tyrosine kinases such as c-MET and HER2 were reported in many studies. The concomitant expression is associated with more aggressive clinical course. Aims: In this study, it was intended to investigate the correlation of the positivity of c-MET and HER2 with histopathologic findings and their impacts on prognosis. Subjects and Methods: After the decision of the ethics committee, a total of 64 cases, whose HER 2 status was studied by dual silver in situ hybridization/immunohistochemistry method, were included in the study. Immunohistochemical staining for c-MET was performed to all cases and the evaluation was performed similarly to the criteria for HER2 evaluation, but cytoplasmic staining was also considered significant. Statistical Analysis Used: The data were analyzed using SPSS 20 for Windows. Results: c-MET positivity which is considered by the score of 2+ and 3+ was found only in 34.4% of HER2 positive cases while it was 59.3% in HER2 negative cases (P = 0.045). The sole histopathological feature associated with c-MET positivity was distal gastric localization (P = 0.016). Conclusions: Even though higher rates of c-MET positivity in HER2 positive cases were stated in the literature, contrary results were obtained in this study. Comparing the HER2+/c-MET + co-expression group with the other groups, no difference was found about age, sex, macroscopic and microscopic characteristics. The presence of c-MET positivity in cases with HER2 expression suggests that c-MET expression might be associated with the resistance to Trastuzumab.

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