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Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 65  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 545-550

Linc-ROR promotes invasion and metastasis of gastric cancer by activating epithelial-mesenchymal transition


1 Department of Pathology, The Affiliated Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital of Qingdao University, Yantai, China
2 Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Binzhou Medical University Hospital, Binzhou, China
3 Department of Urology, Binzhou Medical University Hospital, Binzhou, China

Correspondence Address:
Mingkai Zhang
Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Binzhou Medical University Hospital, Binzhou, 256603
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijpm.ijpm_696_21

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Introduction: Previous studies have shown that the long intergenic non-protein coding RNA regulator of reprogramming (linc-ROR) is abnormally expressed in a variety of malignancies and plays an important role in tumor progression. However, little is known about the role of linc-ROR in gastric cancer. In this study, the relationship between the expression of linc-ROR and clinicopathological factors in gastric cancer and its potential mechanism were explored. Materials and Methods: The cells were classified into two groups: ROR small interfering RNA(si-ROR) and the Negative control siRNA (si-NC).Linc-ROR was knockdown in si-ROR group by small interfering RNA (siRNA). Detect the expression of linc-ROR in gastric cancer tissues and normal tissues and its relationship with clinicopathologic characteristics by RT-PCR. the invasion ability was studied by wound healing assay and transwell assay. The expression levels of EMT-related molecules was detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting. Result: Showed that the expression of lincROR in gastric cancer tissues was significantly higher than that in the adjacent normal tissues. The lincROR expression level was significantly related to the tumor grade, lymph node metastasis, and TNM stage in cancer tissues. The lincROR knockdown in gastric cancer cell lines significantly inhibited cell invasion and metastasis. It affected its malignant biological behavior by activating the epithelial-mesenchymal transition through increasing expression of vimentin as well as decreasing E-cadherin levels in gastric cancer cells. The lincROR silencing significantly decreased the expression of β-catenin and c-myc. Conclusion: Linc-ROR can regulate cell invasion and metastasis by activating the epithelial-mesenchymal transition process partially through Wnt/β-catenin signal pathway in the gastric cancer cells. Link-ROR may be an important molecule for the metastasis of gastric cancer.


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