Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 64  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 831-833

Hyperinfection with Strongyloides stercoralis presenting as acute abdomen in a patient on corticosteroid therapy: A case report

Department of Pathology, Dr. D.Y. Patil Medical College and Hospital, Sector 5, Nerul, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
S Bhalekar
Department of Pathology, Dr. D.Y. Patil Medical College and Hospital, Sector 5, Nerul, Navi Mumbai - 400 706, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IJPM.IJPM_626_20

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Infection with Strongyloides stercoralis, a human pathogenic roundworm, is common in tropical countries like India. Owing to its variable clinical presentation and irregular larval output in stool, it often remains neglected and underdiagnosed. Signs and symptoms are largely dependent on the immune status of the infected individual. Alteration in the host immunity due to chronic use of steroids can surge the number of parasites and cause hyperinfection syndrome. This can be catastrophic with a fatal outcome. Focus on early detection and treatment of the parasite in at-risk patients is imperative to reduce mortality. We summarize here an interesting case of hyper infection syndrome of strongyloidiasis with gangrenous bowel changes later progressing to burst abdomen.

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