Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 64  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 14-21

Sudden cardiac deaths: Role of nonischemic myocardial disorders—Part 1

1 Department of Pathology (Cardiovascular and Thoracic Division), Seth GS Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Seth GS Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Cardiac Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital/Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA

Correspondence Address:
Pradeep Vaideeswar
Department of Pathology (Cardiovascular and Thoracic Division), Seth GS Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IJPM.IJPM_845_20

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Sudden death, a catastrophic event, falls within the purview of the forensic experts. It is often caused by cardiovascular diseases, which may be evident or occult. A vast majority of sudden cardiac deaths (to the extent of 90%) are due to ischemia of the working or conducting myocardial tissues consequent to coronary artery diseases. A heterogeneous group of nonischemic myocardial disorders, most producing structural abnormalities are responsible for the remainder; they predominantly represent various cardiomyopathies. This review, in two parts, covers sudden cardiac death in medicolegal autopsies with an approach to some common and uncommon nonischemic myocardial diseases that have a genetic and/or nongenetic basis.

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