Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 60  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 505-509

Role of p53 and Ki-67 immunomarkers in carcinoma of urinary bladder

Department of Pathology, SGRRIM and HS, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Brijesh Thakur
Department of Pathology, SGRRIM and HS, Patel Nagar, Dehradun - 248 001, Uttarakhand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IJPM.IJPM_246_17

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Background: Urothelial carcinoma is common urinary malignancy responsible for a significant proportion of cancer morbidity and mortality. We carried out the present study to demonstrate the clinicohistopathological features and to correlate the p53 and Ki-67 immunoexpression with grade and stage of bladder carcinomas. Materials and Methods: We investigated 110 cases of bladder tumor. Grading and staging were done according to the WHO-2004 and American Joint Committee on Cancer-TNM staging recommendations. Immunohistochemical staining for p53 and Ki-67 was performed in all the cases, categorized as high and low expression taking 20% positivity as cutoff value. Statistical analysis was done using McNemar's Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test. Results: There were 61 cases of high grade and 49 cases of low grade exhibiting urothelial carcinoma as the most common variant (97.3%). Muscle invasive carcinomas (pT2) noted in 29 cases whereas 23 and 58 cases revealed stage pTa and pT1, respectively. Evaluation of p53 and Ki-67 immunoexpression showed a significant association with histological grade and stage individually and also in combination (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Our results corroborate with the opinion that combined use of p53 and Ki-67 immunomarkers may provide additional prognostic information along with histological grading and staging in bladder carcinomas.

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