Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 52  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 34-37

A comparative study of cervical smears in an urban Hospital in India and a population-based screening program in Mauritius

1 Department of Anatomic Pathology and Cytology, Apollo Hospitals, Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad - 500033, India
2 Department of Pathology, Global Hospitals, Hyderabad, India

Correspondence Address:
Swarnalata Gowrishankar
Department of Anatomic Pathology and Cytology, Apollo Hospitals, Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad - 500 033
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0377-4929.44959

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Objective: To study cervical smear abnormalities in urban women in India and women in Mauritius and to compare the results in the two groups. Study Design: An analysis of 6010 cervical smears taken as part of routine check-ups in an urban hospital was done and an analysis of 10,000 cervical smears taken from women participating in a National Cancer Screening Program in Mauritius was done. Emphasis was put on cervical epithelial cell abnormalities and the results in the two populations are compared with that of similar studies in other parts of the world. Results: Non specific inflammation formed 19.6% and 25.34% of the smears in the Indian and Mauritian groups, respectively (with specific infection forming 6.05% and 15.08%). The epithelial abnormalities constituted 1.392% of the Indian group and 0.47% of the Mauritian group. The difference was statistically significant in the atypical squamous cells of uncertain significance (ASCUS) and atypical glandular cells of uncertain significance (AGUS) group. Conclusions: The prevalence of low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL) and high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) is similar to that in the developed world.

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