Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 52  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 17-19

Seroprevalence of hepatitis viruses in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus

Department of Microbiology, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi 110 019, India

Correspondence Address:
Anita Chakravarti
79, Southpark Apartment, Kalkaji, New Delhi 110 019
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0377-4929.44955

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Objective: The co-infection of Hepatitis B and C viruses with HIV accelerates disease progression and also has an effect on the management of patients infected with HIV. The prevalence of HIV co-infection with hepatitis viruses varies widely. This study is planned to evaluate the prevalence of HIV co-infection with Hepatitis B and C viruses in North India. Materials and Methods: A total of 1178 patients enrolled in the ART center were retrospectively analyzed for the presence of HBV and HCV on the basis of the presence of HBsAg and anti-HCV markers. Results: In patients infected with HIV, the prevalence of co-infection with HBV was 9.9% (117/1178), the prevalence of co-infection with HCV was 6.3% (74/1178) and the prevalence co-infection with both HBV and HCV was ~1% (12/1178). Discussion: The prevalence rate of HBV and HCV are increasing in patients infected with HIV. Having acquired the knowledge about the importance of such a co-infection, it is essential that all the patients infected with HIV be screened for HBV and HCV co-infection.

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