Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
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Year : 2008  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 88-90

Fine needle aspiration cytology of anterior mediastinal masses

1 Shija hospitals and Research Institute, Imphal, Manipur, India
2 Department of Pathology, Gujarat Cancer and Research Institute, Gujarat, India
3 Department of Radiology, Gujarat Cancer and Research Institute, Gujarat, India
4 Department of Medical Oncology, Gujarat Cancer and Research Institute, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Fanny Desai
Shija Hospitals and Research Institute, Langol, Imphal, Manipur - 795 004
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0377-4929.40413

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Objective: The main aim of the study is to evaluate the computed tomography (CT)-guided fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of anterior mediastinal mass as a diagnostic procedure. Materials and Methods: In all 135 cases, the material was obtained by CT-guided FNAC technique followed by staining with Papanicolaou and May-Grunwald-Giemsa stains. The histological material was obtained by needle biopsies, wedge biopsies and resection specimens. Immunohistochemical stains were used to confirm diagnosis in selected cases. Results: Among 135 cases, cytohistology correlation was found in 92 cases. Correct typing was done in 53.33% cases. No correlation was found in 14.81% cases. Material was unsatisfactory in 18.51% cases. The diagnostic accuracy and positive predictive values were 85.71% and 78.26%, respectively. Conclusion: Although there are some limitations, most lesions of the anterior mediastinum can be diagnosed on FNAC.

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