Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
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Year : 2007  |  Volume : 50  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 926-7

Seroprevalence of human immunodeficiency virus-2 in and around Amritsar.

Department of Microbiology, Government Medical College, Amritsar

Correspondence Address:
U Arora
Department of Microbiology, Government Medical College, Amritsar

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 18306608

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A total of 14555 serum samples collected between January, 2001 to April, 2006 were screened for HIV infection. Antibodies to HIV-1/ HIV-2 were present in 985 (6.76%) of which 964 (97.86%) and 2 (0.22%) were positive for HIV-1 and HIV-2 alone respectively and 19 (1.92 %) for both HIV-1 and HIV-2. Of the 21 in whom HIV-2 infection was detected (alone and dual), 19 (90.5%) were in the age group of 21-40 years and 2 were children below the age of 11 years. Predominantly mode of transmission in them was heterosexual (85.71%) while the 2 children (9.53%) had most probably got the infection through perinatal route. Nine (42.85%) were asymptomatic and 12 (57.15%) clinically presented with chronic diarrhoea (5), prolonged fever (4) and symptoms related to sexually transmitted diseases (3). Opportunistic infections like Oral candidiasis was observed in 3 and pulmonary tuberculosis in 2.

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