Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
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Year : 2001  |  Volume : 44  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 265-9

Coronary atherosclerosis in Mangalore--a random post mortem study.

Department of Pathology, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore

Correspondence Address:
V Singh
Department of Pathology, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 12024910

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A study was undertaken in Mangalore, South Kanara District of Karnataka, India to evaluate the rising prevalence of coronary artery diseases in our country. Seventy hearts were analysed, at post-mortem, between December 1996 and December 1997. The coronary arteries and the myocardium were examined, both grossly and histologically, to relate them with regard to the age and gender of the deceased. Fifty five hearts were from males and 15 were from females. Forty eight (68.59%) hearts were proven to be afflicted with coronary atherosclerosis. Twenty seven of these had three or four vessel disease. A total of 192 sections from the four major epicardial arteries of the 48 hearts were examined. Of these, 124 showed atherosclerosis (with 37 in advanced stages), of which 103 were occlusive lesions while the remaining 21 were fatty streaks. Severe stenosis (grade III or IV) was commonest in the left anterior descending artery. Twenty one (30%) of the 70 hearts showed histological evidence of myocardial ischaemia. Of these 6 were from females and 15 were males. Myocardial ischaemia was found to have no correlation to the severity of stenosis.

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