Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
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Year : 1996  |  Volume : 39  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 233-6

Blastopathies--symmetrical conjoined twins.

Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College, Sion, Bombay

Correspondence Address:
A D Kalgutkar
Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College, Sion, Bombay

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 8972157

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Conjoined twins are one of the rarest blastopathies, challenging the medical profession. The incidence in India is reported to be 1:60,000 pregnancies. This report records two cases of female conjoined twins. The sharing of various organs and complex cardiac anomalies encountered were very fascinating. Omphalopagus conjoined twins had only three lower extremeties, a common gastro-intestinal tract beyond the terminal ileum, crossed ectopia, hypoplastic kidneys and bicornuate uterus. The heart showed dextrocardia, A.S.D. and V.S.D. No attempt was made for surgical separation in this case. The second case was a thoracopagus, with the heart showing V.S.D., cor triatrium dexter with a posterior venous chamber. Surgical separation was attempted, but was unsuccessful. Both cases showed a single fused liver. The need for antenatal diagnosis and successful separation with good pre- and post-operative management is stressed.

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