Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
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Year : 1996  |  Volume : 39  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 191-5

The prevalence of transfusion transmitted diseases in renal transplant recipients.

Deptt. of Transfusion Medicine, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow

Correspondence Address:
N Choudhury
Deptt. of Transfusion Medicine, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 8972147

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Majority of renal transplant patients have history of blood transfusion. Out of a total of 120 renal transplant patients, 20 (16.6%) patients showed raised alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels (> 45 IU) on 2 or more occasions at 2 weeks interval. This study was undertaken to estimate the risk of transfusion transmitted diseases (TTD) in these 20 renal transplant patients. Another 200 voluntary blood donors were also included as control. Both subject groups were screened by ELISA for HBsAg, anti HBc (IgG & IgM), anti HCV, anti CMV (IgM), anti HIV and VDRL tests for syphilis. A total of 11 (55%) patients and 3 (1.5%) blood donors showed the evidence of HBsAg positivity (p < 0.01). Anti HBc antibody was present in 12 (60%) patients and 39 (19.5%) donors which was significantly (p < 0.01) different. Anti HCV antibody was detected in 5 patients and in one blood donor (p < 0.01). However, anti CMV antibody was present in 4 (20%) patients and 3 (1.5%) donors, respectively. There was no evidence of HIV and syphilis infection in both these groups. High incidence of hepatitis markers were observed in renal transplant patients.

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