Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
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Year : 1995  |  Volume : 38  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 181-4

Chlamydia trachomatis in pelvic inflammatory disease.

Department of Microbiology, Government Medical College, Nagpur

Correspondence Address:
S N Shrikhande
Department of Microbiology, Government Medical College, Nagpur

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 8919106

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The prevalence of genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection and some epidemiologic factors associated with it were studied in 273 pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) patients attending Gynaecologic clinic, Government Medical College, Nagpur. For detection of chlamydial antigen Pharmacia Diagnostics Chlamydia EIA test was used. This study revealed an overall positivity rate of 33% for C. trachomatis infection in PID patients. Of the hypothesised risk factors low socioeconomic status, history of sexual contacts with multiple partners and use of intrauterine devices (IUD) were significantly associated with C. trachomatis infections. However, use of oral contraceptives, barrier contraceptives and increasing age were found to be protective factors for C. trachomatis infection. Thus considering the significant contribution of C. trachomatis in etiology of PID and its independent association with some epidemiologic risk factors, extensive epidemiologic measures are recommended for prevention of these infections.

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